Can Wheat Can Be Made Gluten Safe for People With Celiac Disease by Using Gene Editing?
One to two percent of the population has Celiac Disease (Coeliac Disease), which is an immune response to gluten. Many others have adopted a gluten-free diet for various reasons. A scientist can use CRISPR to remove all gluten from wheat, but this results in inferior baking qualities.
Aurélie Jouanin at Wageningen University in the Netherlands has successfully modified or removed some gliaden genes to make safe gluten. The resulting wheat is not gluten-free as there are a large number of gluten genes and not all gluten genes have been targeted at this point. This use of biotechnology could result in gluten-free wheat that will make life easier for people suffering from Celiac Disease.